The Office of Advocacy of the U.S. Small Business Administration has released Minorities in Business: A Demographic Review of Minority Business Owners. The report presents a snapshot of how minority business ownership has changed from 1997 to 2002. It also compares the latest data to earlier surveys and derives growth rates in ownership and other demographic factors. The data are compiled primarily from the 2002 U.S. Census Bureauís Survey of Business Owners and Self-Employed Persons.
Among the data presented in the report (owners may claim multiple races/ethnicities):
∑ In 2002 (latest data), Asians owned 4.6 percent of all firms (1.1 million), Blacks 5.0 percent (1.2 million), Hispanics 6.6 percent (1.6 million), Native Americans .8 percent (.2 million), and Pacific Islanders .1 percent (.03 million).
∑ In 2002 (latest data), women owned 17 percent of all employer firms (those with employees), or 900,000. Women owned 22 percent of Asian-owned employer firms (71,000), 29 percent of Black-owned employer firms (27,000), 22 percent of Hispanic-owned employer firms (43,000), 30 percent of Native American-owned employer firms (7,000), and 23 percent of Pacific Islander-owned employer firms (800).
Keep in mind that over time the Census Bureau has changed definitions and collection methods; therefore, comparisons are problematic and growth rates as well as other measures of dynamic change should be viewed with that perspective.
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